The Drug Lawyer is the first-ever franchise conceived with the idea of putting itself out of business. Most Americans now understand that the drug war is a foolish waste of lives and resources. The drug war continues primarily because the drug “warriors” have become as addicted to the policy of prohibition as anybody has ever been addicted to drugs. The Drug Lawyer is a network of lawyers who understand that the “War on Drugs” is, in fact, a war on ourselves. Our league of lawyers is committed to ending the War on Drugs while mitigating the harm it does in the meantime.
During the past 30 years, something has happened to the American criminal justice system that never should have happened. It became an industry. Thirty or more years ago, most crimes had victims. These days, the majority of crimes prosecuted revolve around drugs and alcohol. In that same 30 years, America’s incarceration rate grew to exceed that of any culture in history. In a culture where so many are without work, putting each other in chains has become big business
The officer approached your car. He asked you to join him in his car. If there was a passenger, the passenger stayed in the car. The officer soon advised you that you were only getting a warning. He did this so that he could write in his report that the ordinary (non-criminal) public becomes less nervous upon learning that they are only getting a warning; therefore, the fact that you did not become less nervous is the first item in his probable cause equation.
As the officer wrote you the warning, he engaged in casual conversation about your travel itinerary, i.e., where you’d been, where you were going, what you did, how you know the passenger, etc… Next, he needed to check your insurance verification and rental car contract. He approached the passenger to retrieve those items. That was when he compared your answers to questions about your trip to the passenger’s account. Even a slight discrepancy was a strong reason for suspicion since people on a trip together know when they left, where they went, and how long and with whom they stayed.
The officer returned to his car, handed you a warning and your license. He did that because he knew that, until you had your license, you were not legally “free to leave.” That way, the questions that came next did not violate Miranda or the Fourth Amendment. Then as you were about to exit his vehicle, he asks if he can ask you a few more questions. He then asked if you had drugs and/or large amounts of money and if he could search your vehicle.
You might still believe that you should have answered differently. It would have made no difference. If you consented to the search, it was valid consent because the officer will testify that you were free to leave and the consent was therefore valid. If you did not consent, the officer will testify that his observations during the stop added up to probable cause to search and that you never really were free to leave. A pea and shell game with no pea.
It is also possible that while you were stopped another officer arrived with a drug dog. A drug dog scan is not a search and does not require probable cause but a drug dog alert does provide probable cause to search. Illinois v. Cabelles, 2005.
Officers typically put the driver and passenger(s) together in a police vehicle while they conduct their search. They often leave people with their phones during this time. In most units, the officer has forward and rear-facing cameras that captured the audio and video of events inside the officer’s vehicle while he is conducting the search. Thus, ANYTHING that you said in the officer’s vehicle is probably on audio/video.
If you are talking to lawyers about beating your highway drug interdiction case, ask those lawyers how these difficulties can be overcome. Ask those lawyers why 98% of Oklahoma drug cases result in plea bargains and what makes your case different. If your case is among the 98%, the time to start creating the conditions for your best plea bargain is yesterday.
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If you want to know if your case can be won, or, if it cannot be won how to achieve the most desirable outcome call The Drug Lawyer at 855-85-DRUGS.